Colombia said no to terrorism

Jan 20, 2019 Latam Politics
Colombia said no to terrorism
Thousands of people marched today in different parts of Colombia to express their solidarity due to recent acts of violence

"Enough, ELN: Enough with deaths, kidnappings and attacks": Iván Duque

Jan 19, 2019 Analysis latam politics
Yesterday, Iván Duque put an end to the peace process with the ELN after the terrorist attack against the cadet school of the Santander General Police

Bad luck! Latin American players who finished their careers due to injuries

Jan 17, 2019 Sports
Bad luck! Latin American players who finished their careers due to injuries
These 4 players were forced to retire due to injuries that markedly affected their football performance

Meet Julieth Lozano, the soprano who uplifts Latin America's opera

Jan 11, 2019 Art
Meet Julieth Lozano, the soprano who has left Latin America high
A long way of presentations, scholarships and studies are some of the steps that the soprano Julieth Lozano has climbed

Tatiana Calderón: on her way to Formula 1

Jan 04, 2019 Sports
Tatiana Calderón: on her way to Formula 1
The Colombian pilot managed to consolidate herself as one of the most outstanding Latin athletes in 2018

Juan Carlos Tinoco: Thanos has a Colombian voice

Dec 31, 2018 People
Juan Carlos Tinoco: Thanos has a Colombian voice
The outstanding barranquillero dubbing actor has worked for almost three decades playing various characters in the film industry

Colombia, alert for possible attack on the president

Dec 30, 2018 Latam Politics
Colombia, alert for possible attack on the president
After statements about a possible attempt to assassinate President Iván Duque, three suspects were arrested for carrying weapons

These 3 Colombian artists have impacted the world

Dec 27, 2018 Art
These 3 Colombian artists have impacted the world
Music, painting and dance are some of the disciplines in which these Colombians have impacted the world

Alias ‘Guacho’: a victory for the Colombian government

Dec 23, 2018 Latam Politics
Alias ‘Guacho’: a victory for the Colombian government
FARC dissident Walter Arizala Vernaza, alias "Guacho", was discharged in a military operation

According to the Paris Principles on children associated with armed forces or groups,  a child soldier is anyone under age 18 “who is or who has been recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity”, which includes any non-combat roles.

Last Sunday, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia FARC agreed to release all soldiers under the age of 15. The announcement to end child recruitment was done on February, but until now it wasn't clear what would happen to the already recruited children.

FARC is Colombian largest guerrilla group, and since 2012 they are in talks with the government leas by Juan Manuel Santos to stop the five-decade war that has left more than 220,000 deaths and  where at least 6,000 children have been recruited.

Minors will be recognized as victims and their reintegration to society, the acknowledgement of their rights and integrity will be prioritized. More so, children under 14 won't be held responsible for crimes as long as there is no impediment by the Colombian law.

The agreement obliges FARC to stop all recruitment for people under 18, release information about all minors under 15 in their command and release the children after a protocol for their reintegration to civilian life is established.

“UNICEF stands ready to support the release of all children and their reintegration into their families and communities, in accordance with national and international law,” the UN agency's representative to Colombia, Roberto de Bernardi, said in a statement.

Both parts agreed on UNICEF and the International Organization for Migration OIM to follow the process.

But armed groups are not the only responsible for child recruitment, some state militaries recruit children too. According to an IRIN's article in Britain, Yemen, South Sudan, Myanmar and the Democratic Republic of Congo children are still recruited.

Britain:

Army can recruit children 16+ as long as they have a parental consent. In the Gulf war in 1991, 17 years old were deployed, as well as in Kosovo during 1999, but army subsequently barred anyone under 18 from combat. According to Child Soldiers International the recruitment process doesn't guarantee the consent has been given.

Yemen:

In 2014 Yemen signed an UN action plan to end child recruitment by their armed forces. Unfortunately, the last 13 months of war have put the plan on hold and the number of children involved in the conflict has increased.

UNICEF estimates one third of people fighting in Yemen are children, both for Houthi rebels and forces loyal to the President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi. According to Human Right's Watch in the last year the Houthis have intensified their use of children as fighters, runners, scouts and guards.

South Sudan:

When the country entered into civil war in December 2013 child recruitment began anew despite being considered as illegal even before the country split from Sudan. According to UNICEF as much as 16,000 children have been used by government and rebel forces. In a 2015 report, Human Rights Watch named more than 15 commanders and officials from both sides using child soldiers.

Myanmar:

In 2012 the military signed a joint action with the UN to demobilize all child soldiers. They've been sporadically released over the last four years, most recently in March. It is a difficult task as many family send their children to the military for financial reasons. Also, recruitment may continue in remote areas despite there being a hotline for reporting child soldiers. The UN has listed 7 non state groups in the country that use child soldiers.

The Democratic Republic of Congo:

More than 30,000 children were released from the National Army between 2004 and 2006 as part of a military reform process following a 2002 peace agreement. The war didn't end, and measures were unsuccessful. Recruitment continues today and children are serving both in the armed forces and rebel groups, according to Child Soldiers International. 

LatinAmerica Post 

Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…