Peruvian Tropical Pacific Sea, a biodiversity hotspot is expected to receive protection following measures taken by Ecuador, Cuba and Chile to protect their environment.
Following the establishment of several protected regions in Latin America such as the shark sanctuaries in Ecuador and Cuba, moorlands in Colombia are part of a trend to protect valuable ecosystems.
Piura's regional government in northwestern Peru is backing the establishment of the Tropical Pacific Sea Reserve”. This biodiversity hotspot hasn't received the adequate protection, with the proposal, there are four priority zones comprising: Foca Island , El Ñuro cove, the reefs of Punta Sal and the Mancora banks.
The Ministry of Environment (Minam) and the National Service of Natural Protected Areas (Sernanp) highlighted the importance of protecting the region for the its wealth in biodiversity.
Much of the whale species, marine turtles, sea lions, seals, fish and Humboldt penguins are found in the tropical pacific sea. The ecosystem is very similar to the Galapagos Islands, but the difference relies in the Ecuadorian government proecting the area since 1959.
U.S. Senator Sheldon Whitehouse has showed his support to the initiative through a letter to the Peruvian initiative in Washington, and several NGO's have also supported the initiative as it is of great importance for tackling climate change and especially illegal fishing.
Declaring the zone as a protected area could help maintain and improve the stocks of biodiversity.
“It’s widely known that this region in Peru’s northern coast provides approximately 70 percent of the fish eaten in the country,” said Pedro Solano, director of the Peruvian Society of Environmental Rights in an interview with La República newspaper.
The zone has a great potential for ecotourism and this could be beneficial for the country's economy .