Amazon's wildfire season began in July and will end in November, but this time most of the fires are far from being natural.
The Amazon wild-fire season happens from July to Nivember. Although fires are part of the life cycle of forests, this time most of them are far from being natural and are causing great damage. People burn rainforest to clear the land for farmeing and pasure, as well as illegal logging.
These practices make the Amazon even more vulnerable and conrtibute to climate change.
Greenpeace has listed 5 facts about them:
1. In the fist six months of 2016 27,814 fires were detected in the Amazon. This is the largest number ever recorded for the period and is 81% above the historical rate. Most of these fires were caused by humans.
2.Each year the Amazon fire season is getting longer. Between 1979 to 2013 the annual fire season increased 18.7%.
3. Deforestation in the Amazon in responsible for 30% of the greenhouse gas emissions in Brazil. Between 40-50% of the carbon gas released from the Amazon fires immediately enters the atmosphere.
4. The area of the forest destroyed every year in the Amazon is 6,000 square kilometers, four times the size of the city of Rio de Janeiro.
5. in 2015 the Brazilian government committed to end all illegal deforestation only by 2030 which will allow deforestation crimes such as starting fires for 14 more years.
The Amazon rainforest fires are part of a vicious cycle because as climate warms the forest gets dries, and as it gets drier it becomes more suceptible to fires. Governments need to commit to zero deforestation policies in the region and help to save the Amazon from the many threats it faces.
LatinAmerican Post | Maria Andrea Marquez