Cattle ranching, agriculture, mining housing and tourism are among the causes and they could lead to a decrease in productivity and an imbalance in ecosystems.
According to the Colombian Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development 40% of the country’s land suffers some king of degradation. The factors affecting the land include the occupation of protected areas, cattle ranching, agriculture, mining, housing and tourism among others.
The main threat for over half of the affected land (24%) is dryness. “The unsustainable use and management of the land plus climate change accelerates its degradation. This leads to a disequilibrium of its ecosystems and can decrease land productivity and food security,” said Luis Gilberto Murillo, Ministry of Environment.
“A sustainable management of the land is a responsibility that engages all society’s sectors, therefore I invite you to join efforts and create actions that help us to protect and secure this natural resources,” he added.
Besides degradation caused by dryness, salinization is also present in 5% of the national territory.
In response to this situation, a National Policy for the Management of land has been underway and is soon to be presented. It consists on an action plan and development in six different strategic areas covering the policy making, education, planning, monitoring and awareness. Also institutions like IDEAM and IGAC are working in making a land inventory as well as an analysis of the degradation suffered.
The government hopes that this work will help in solving the global challenges and will align with international projects such as the Sustainable Development Goals.
LatinAmerican Post | Maria Andrea Marquez