Undoubtedly, one of the main figures in Chilean and Latin American literature; and the only Latin American female poet to win a Nobel Prize.
Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga, best known by her pseudonym, Gabriela Mistral, was born on April 7, 1889 in Vicuña Chile, she was a poet, diplomat, feminist and Chilean educator.
Undoubtedly, one of the main figures of the Chilean and Latin American literature; and the only Latin American woman to win a Nobel Prize for poetry, in 1945.
Gabriela Mistral was the daughter of Juan Jerónimo Godoy Villanueva, ancestry teacher; and Petronila Alcayaga Rojas.
At the age of 15, she fell in love with Alfredo Videla Pineda, a rich and handsome man, more than 20 years older than her, with whom she was able to draw for almost a year and a half.
In 1904, Mistral began to work like assistant professor in the School of the Low Company and began to send collaborations to the newspaper El Coquimbo. A year later, she continued to write in it and in La Voz de Elqui, in Vicuña.
The 12 of December of 1914 she obtained the first prize in the contest of Literature of the "Juegos Florales".
Since then she has used the pseudonym "Gabriela Mistral" in almost all her writings, as part of a tribute to two of her favorite poets, the Italian Gabriele D'Annunzio and the French Frédéric Mistral.
"Desolation" was considered her first masterpiece. It was published in New York in 1922 by the Institute of Spain, on the initiative of his director Federico de Onis.
Gabriela Mistral's candidacy for the Nobel Prize for Literature dates back to 1939, a year in which a movement of opinion emerged that was born in Ecuador and spread throughout America, claiming the prize for the Chilean writer.
It was supported by the press of all the continent and by the literary institutions of Chile and of almost all the American countries. They are attached to this call, the official Academies of Letters, among them the Spanish.
Some of her best known works
1.- "Desolación" (New York en 1922).
2.- Ternura (Madrid, 1924).
3.- Tala (Buenos Aires, 1938)
4.- Lagar (Santiago de Chile, 1954).
As important as her poetry was her work as a pedagogue and diplomat, working as consul and ambassador in different countries of America and Europe, places where she always carried out a great work of cultural diffusion together with the most outstanding intellectuals of the time.