Nicaragua opposes receiving the OAS commission
For the Nicaraguan government, the OAS should keep away from the internal crisis. Once again the organism is weak facing a crisis in the region
Catalonia Back to Square One
After an election that settles nothing, both sides need to think again.
The Left has not failed
Although it seems that after the last elections the Left has suffered a serious setback, it also seems that it has not failed in its approaches
Spain: Beggars in churches
At this pace, and despite the Church being linked with the needy, they will have to put security guards to prevent this kind of behavior
Hispaniola cries for help
Xenofobia in Latin America is threatening the basic citizenship rights of communities in the Caribbean
Africa’s power crisis
With 55 countries and 1.2 billion people, the continent generates less power than Brazil
207 years of “patria boba”
The polarization that stopped Colombia's progress
Peace in Colombia: An act of faith
Does the peace treaty with the FARC mean a new future for Colombia?
Argentina at the tipping point
As things stand there are two outcomes, either the people supports Macri or vote against him, maybe placing Cristina Fernandez in the Senate
Live longer, happier, and save the world
Economics and climate change are just two of the many reasons to start riding a bike.
Venezuela: Rise and rise up again
After 100 days, over 81 deaths, and more than 1,400 injured, this has become Venezuela’s fight for a new independence day
Recycling: A Latin American hurdle
Taking care of the planet is something of crucial importance
Marketers must reflect on social media as a cause of social exclusion
Social exclusion theory argues that individuals are susceptible to experiencing anxiety at the thought of being excluded from important social groups
The “opioid crisis” in Latin America is one of undertreatment and suffering
The situation in Latin America regarding access to and availability of opioids is still limited and is below 100 statistically defined daily doses
Puerto Rico Absurd Political Hurricane
Two years ago it was a hurricane - today it is a political storm that shakes the island with a population of about 3.2 million
Argentina appears to be choosing corrupt populism over tough needed changes
Macri depends on voters realizing they are not better off than when they first elected him, but that they are far better off than when Fernández de Kirch...
Mestizaje is a major source of racial attitudes in Latin America
Despite clues from ethnographic research, we lack nationally representative evidence on the general population’s feelings about mestizaje
Health is not a valid argument against raising the retirement age in Latin America
The nations that are experiencing the effects of demographic aging and its consequences turn to raise the retirement age attempting to maintain economic health ...
Latin America must listen to the people of Hong Kong’s message regarding extradition
If most of the Constitutions of Latin American countries formerly explicitly prohibited the extradition of nationals and changes were made based on a historical...
What is Latin America waiting for to stop looking north?
In the face of new threats of mass deportation and the re-election campaign of the president who issues them, the region has more reasons to question its relati...
Venezuelan babies suffer the devastating consequences of the crisis
Children born outside Venezuelan territory face serious problems when it comes to nationalizing and entering the health system
Latin America must enter the race for 5G technology
Not only is it a matter of houses being smart, but the 5G network would increase the region's competitiveness to improve living conditions
No more politicized media!
For media not to censor, it is necessary to detach from any relationship with public leadership
Forests: a natural and economic resource that must be protected
In Latin America deforestation does not stop, and countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia and Peru have lost their primary reserves in a worrying percentage...
Violence Against Women Should Be Properly Named
Now, in the context of COVID-19, more than 50% of the countries that account for the highest number of femicides are in the Americas.
Giving Greater Value to What We Make Ensures Success
IKEA is the most successful furniture store in the world, according to Stereophile.
3 Original Recipes With All The Christmas Sense
Sara Lynn Cauchon is a host, producer, speaker, entrepreneur, and foodie. Since she launched her YouTube cooking channel, The Domestic Geek.
What lessons has the pandemic taught us?
Canadian experts talk about the lessons learned from six months of the pandemic and the future challenges for the country
Latin American women facing technological challenges, are we ready?
How are we going to face them in the workplace?
Dealing with the loss of a loved one during the pandemic
From my room, I hear crying from the living room. My mother is curled up on the sofa, shedding tears inconsolably. Together with my brothers, we embrace her in ...
Neither silence nor oblivion
Remaining silent and not legally reporting sexual abuse out of fear does not prevent it from happening, and worse, it increases sexual violence.
Virtual sports: is it worth watching?
Are e-sports a poor replacement for "real" sports during the quarantine?
The quarantine also liberates
What do we achieve with our presence, contribute, or take away?
Four ways natural gas can save money for your industry
If you own an industry yourself, then you’ll understand that power doesn’t come cheap
Do you really know what coaching is?
The first key is to understand that coaching and these methodologies were not born a year or two ago.
¿Existe unión política en Latinoamérica contra el Covid-19?
The coronavirus is testing the narratives of Latin American governments.
How does Latin America celebrate Halloween?
The scariest night of the year is approaching: what is the story behid goodies and scary costumes?
Why is smiling and yawning contagious?
The key would be the mirror neurons
Top 5 Must-Eat Foods in Peru
These seemingly simple dishes will blow your mind!
Medellin: The city that dresses in nature
From July 29th to August 7th, one of the most important cultural events of Colombia is celebrated
Woman hold the future of Latin America
Thanks to greater access to opportunities, society is evolving
Education in Latin America: New challenges
Although progress has been made, are different variables not being taken into consideration?
One island, two worlds
Although the Dominican Republic and Haiti share the same island, they could not be more different
Senior citizens: An ever-growing population in Latin America
This region used to be characterized by its vibrant youth but it seems as if times are changing
What do Latin America's millennials want?
This generation shares common traits with its international peers but the ones living inside the region present unique characteristics.
Marcelo Crivella VS. Rio’s Carnival?
The mayor of Rio de Janeiro threatens one of the most important festivals
Responsible pet ownership in Latin America
Street animals are reproducing at an alarming rate putting at risk public health
Where are the readers?
The use of technology has become a part of our everyday life but is it having a negative effect on readers?
Mexico: Cultural traditions you should know
Different traditional practices take place in Mexico during the year
Literature Nobel Prize: Ishiguro’s great emotional force
How has the Swedish Academy traditionally chosen writers to honor with the most important award for writers? Plus a roundup of Latin Laureates
Latam BookLook: “Malinche” by Laura Esquivel
This novel is a retelling of the most controversial and enigmatic episode in the history of Mexico
Latam BookLook: “The Book of Emma Reyes: A Memoir” by Emma Reyes
In this first edition, we look at the childhood memories of a Colombian artist
Peru: Celebrating independence in style
Each year, on July 28th and 29th, Peruvians gather to celebrate one more year of the independence of their country
I stride down Paseo de la Reforma, and gaze up at the Angel of Independence as I wait to cross. The warm winter sun makes her glow, and it softens me.
Tattoos and piercings: the ancient cultural expression
A sense of belonging, a tribal connection, a preparation for a ceremony or mere pleasure made our indigenous ancestors express themselves through body art
Best museums to visit in Bogota
Colombia’s vibrant, engaging capital is overflowing with fascinating history
The ancestral magic in Latin American cuisine
It's enchanting mixture of texture, color, and flavors have been known as haut cuisine wolrdwide
Ignorance or inherited antisemitism?
181,800 Jewish live in Argentina and historic rejection doesn’t seem to be in the past
Ancient Peru left mysterious hints
Depictions of ferocious and fearsome serpents, multi-colored big cats, and other mythological creatures are just some of the mysteries left behind.
“Tour the city through art”: the alternative boom of ARTBO
Bogotá found a unique way to include art lovers and enthusiasts in a new initiative pertaining to the arts
Great Britain: The fall of the Monarch
No one really knows what the future holds
Brazil: 3G Capital, a success story
The empire that conquered United States
Humanity is once again on the verge of an energy revolution
Who doesn’t need energy to live?
India: ¿a sinkhole for the global economy?
Morgan Stanley predicts consumer inflation is only the beginning
The Abenomics scores a new milestone?
See the success driving the world’s third largest economy
Economic Brief: Latin America 2010-2020
Latin America has the potential to become the next global power
What is blockchain and why does it matter
It is a priority on the World Economic Forum’s agenda
Foot-and-mouth disease hits Colombia
Contagious bovine disease threatens 17.79 billion dollars a year
What is the OPEC?
It is common knowledge that today’s society depends on crude but who really runs said industry?
Uruguay: The first country to make the move
Recreational marijuana is now allowed in the South American country
A shape shifting tradition: blocs in Latin America
Economic and political blocs, such as the Pacific Alliance, seem to be gaining importance in today’s politics, but how do they work?
Challenges for the knowledge economy in Latin America
Many argue that the XXIst century has already embarked humanity on the journey towards the 4th industrial revolution
Who Are the Richest Women on the Planet and What Do They Do?
This is the first installment of the list of the richest women in the world
ARE YOU PREY TO THE STIGMA OF THE SUPERWOMAN?
Women today carry this cultural stigma of being superwoman, that woman who demands to meet the expectations of what is expected of her in each of her roles.Wome...
The 5 Most Influential CMO Women in the World 2022
Meet in The Woman Post the 5 most influential CMO women on the Forbes 2022 list of the world.
The Importance of Small Wins To Boost Job Performance
Teresa Amabile and Steven Kramer studied the daily activity of 238 workers from 7 companies and analyzed 12,000 notes written down in workers' diaries.
The JASP Generation: Young, But Well Prepared
The JASPs of the '90s are the generation Z of today. Centennials, the first fully digital generation. They were born between two centuries; between 1995 and...
UnaDeDos: Initiative That Puts Equality on Foot To Achieve Progress
An initiative called “UnaDeDos” is a training focused on leadership given by a leading figure in the sector: Marta García-Valenzuela, an expe...
How To Elegantly End Your Employment Link
If someone opens the door of their house for you to enter, leave without slamming the door. Likewise, when you walk away from a job, do it with style and profes...
Getting Rid Of Perfectionism Will Boost Your Productivity
Perfectionism is one of those traits that some people classify as admirable. Those who have it proudly boast about it, while those who don't commend those w...
Gratitude + Appreciation: Infallible Recipe for Motivating Employees
Studies prove that influential people express less gratitude. Why is it so important for leaders to understand the impact of the word thank you?
How To Achieve the Balance Between Well-Being and Productivity?
After two years of pandemic and social isolation, the increase in flexible work, productivity, and teleworking in the service area was reflected.
María Pía Zambrano: We Are Perfectly Imperfect
María Pía Zambrano is the executive president of Laboratorios Windsor, a company with more than 50 years of presence in the Ecuadorian market.
To Dance, It Takes Two and To Fight Too
Analyzing what tools are available to change anxiety, hostility, tension, or bad temper for openness and disposition can make a big difference.
Crypto Market, Increasingly With Female Participation?
Women will lead the world of cryptocurrencies with awareness, adoption, trust, and security and expect that there will be a progressive increase in the market. ...
Increasing Women's Participation in Cryptocurrencies
Cryptocurrencies have revolutionized the world in recent years. Why can this be a great opportunity for women to invest in them?
Latin America: cities for entrepreneurs
Meet the entrepreneurial cities that are poised for expansion, thanks to their growing technological and logistical ecosystems, as well as growing economic pros...
What You Need to Know About Forex Trading in 2021
The global pandemic has brought Forex into the spotlight once again. Millions of people are making money online by buying and selling world currencies
These are the Cryptocurrencies You Should Invest in
If you are thinking of investing in cryptocurrencies, you may be interested in knowing some alternatives to Bitcoin or Ethereum. These are the brighter future ...
The Latin American countries that bet the most on cryptocurrencies
Cryptocurrencies are a technological and economic revolution that brought the concept of blockchain to the world
Latino Startups That Are Crushing It During the Pandemic
Despite the Several Crises That COVID-19 Has Caused These Latino Startups Have Found a Way To Endure
How Much Do Top Religious Leaders Earn?
Religious leaders not only represent some of the most numerous beliefs, but they also tend to manage large amounts of money
The price of the social movement in the markets
The international financial system is concerned about the political instability in the region, just for a post-pandemic era in which investment is needed
Argentina: IMF debated interest rate revision
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has a great interest in evaluating the loan rates charged by the agency, after Argentina asked to examine them and the ups...
Why did some oil companies register profits in the middle of 2020?
Confinement exponentially reduced fuel use during the pandemic, which in turn impacted oil production. Some managed to get through the difficult year
What changes in the world with a more consolidated Bitcoin?
Visionary and billionaire Elon Musk has set off a huge trend with his announcement to invest in bitcoins, which are trading at about $ 46,000
Franca Ovadje Leads Equality for African Women
Meet in The Woman Post Franca Ovadje the Afro-descendant woman who leads the new world with the issue of gender equality for women in Africa.
7 Tips To Improve Your Finances
Not only by saving and measuring expenses do you balance your finances.
Courageous Women Who Fight for the Future of Their Families
Girls learn from women their behaviors, attitudes, and work and family commitments because they are the changes and transformations of the future.
Generation Z and the Future of the Economy
A series of studies reveal that Generation Z will lead the world's economy. They will transform the economy, and other generations will have to adapt.
Education Versus Unemployment? Women Concern
The impact that professional women have had in search of a job has been substantial. The worst thing is that female unemployment has existed for some time.
The World Needs To Activate a Different Economy for Women
The constant struggle of women to join political and economic life has been intense in many aspects because beliefs, personality traits, attitudes, behaviors, a...
MIT Bitcoin Expo 2022 Event: Women in the Crypto World
Meet in The Woman Post, the most coveted event by women this year. MIT Bitcoin Expo 2022 reflects women's interest in cryptocurrencies.
Effects of Pandemic on Older Women
Although the socioeconomic impact of the COVID pandemic was extensive to all of the world's population, older women were significantly affected.
Obstacles Women Face in the Gender Pay Gap
Women face barriers in leadership every day, such as lower-paying jobs, incompatibility with professional development, self-worth, glass ceiling, corporate igno...
The Black Female Population and Its Constant Search for Opportunities
Mothers, poor and black women are constantly fighting for their rights and eradicating the gaps and inequalities that come with being black alone.
Employment Platforms That Offer Opportunities for Women
More and more women are looking for jobs on virtual platforms. Now, did you know which ones are specialized for them? Here are the best ones.
Find Out About the Women Economic Forum Meetings in Latin America
Women Economic Forum is the only international forum focused on women's economy. It is held annually in more than 500 regional chapters, with the participat...
Don't Judge a Fish by Its Ability To Climb a Tree
Society has taught us to measure intelligence based on specific skills.
The Rainbow March for the Defense of the Rights of the LGBTQI+ Community
On the 4th of July, the LGBTQIA + pride march was held in Bogotá, Colombia. In a musical atmosphere of dance and colors, the emblematic Carrera S&eac...
Incels, New Social Threat
They are men who never have sex. Not because they ditch them.
Should Toys Be Gender Neutral?
Nowadays, you can't walk into a kids' store without seeing a clear divide: boys' stuff is blue, and girls' stuff is pink.
Unsafe sex: Argentina crisis deflates condom sales as costs rise
In South America's capital of romance, Argentine lovers are cutting back on one important cost: contraception.
Coworking designed especially for women proves to be a trend
Initiatives that arise from the needs of different types of women in the labor market have given rise to new coworking concepts
Ransomware: how much does a cyber attack cost to companies?
The company Norsk Hydro has lost 45 million pounds because of a ransomware attack, but it is still considered a success case in the face of hackers' threats
Some problems in the way towards the Copa América 2020
AFA recent accusations to Conmebol could change the conditions of how the tournament, for now with two venues, is organized
Argentina tries to keep its largest oil company in the courts of New York
In the first hearing of the trial, the Argentinian delegation made it clear that litigation should not continue outside its national territory
Eike Batista: when money and corruption come together
The Brazilian billionaire is now in jail and must now pay a $134 million fine for the crimes of active corruption and money laundering
Rafael Nadal and the law of supply and demand
"What is your opinion on women earning less than men in tennis and what do you think is this based on?", they asked Nadal at a press conference
Libra: this is how Facebook plans to introduce a cryptocurrency
Although the project still has to overcome considerable obstacles to get it working, it could allow payments through Facebook and WhatsApp
Will US-China tensions affect the trade deal?
Both countries return to tensions that jeopardize the second phase of the agreement that was initially signed in January 2020
This is how US trade decisions affect Latin America
25 nations ceased to be recognized by the United States as developing countries, which would eliminate some subsidies and change the trade relationship
USA and China: closer to a trade agreement
On January 15, the United States and China will sign the first phase of a trade agreement that could end the tensions of both countries
The Lithium triangle has Latin America with a square head
This element found naturally on our planet has become the gasoline of tomorrow, as it mainly serves to manufacture the batteries of our devices
After trade deal, unhealthy foods flowed into Central America
The study analyzes the availability of non-nutritious food in the years after the Central America Free Trade Agreement was signed with the US.
Cannabis export process in Colombia is ‘Locked’
Colombia has estimated that exports of products processed from cannabis can rise up to 6,000 million dollars annually.
These are the winners of the coin and banknote contest in Latin America
Latinum is the contest that has been held among the Latin American countries for several years in which the coins and bills of 20 nationalities participate .
The french fries war begins
Colombia has taken measures to defend the domestic product, thus affecting imports from countries in the European Union .
Ecuador says goodbye to OPEC
The South American country announced its withdrawal from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
This is what the World Avocado Congress left
The most important event of this growing industry ended in Medellin after 5 days full of knowledge, conferences and a lot of innovation.
World Avocado Congress: The opportunity for the Colombian market
Because of its optimal soils and temperatures and its growing industry, Colombia was chosen to host the World Avocado Congress 2019
Chile seeks to revive stalled lithium project
Chile leads a new effort to boost a local value-added lithium industry, which arouses interest in China, Japan and Europe
The Power of Intuitive Decision Making
The right decisions are not made but created. Our lives are all about the choices that we make.
Social Pressure on the Right To Assume or Not Motherhood
Within the script that they socially wrote for women, there is an aspect that many people think without the slightest discretion and that is about motherhood an...
Common and Costly Mistakes Made by Home Buyers
Buying a home can be probably a daunting task, especially if you are going to buy your first home.It is very exciting but full of complexities!
The Value of Learning to Spend Time Alone
So much emphasis is placed on the importance of meeting new people and socializing in all of our lives, that quality time spent alone is left behind.
5 tips to start working from home
The work situation is changing due to the coronavirus. Here we give you some tips so you can learn how to work from home effectively.
Spending on experiences versus possessions advances more immediate happiness
Some purchases seem to be better than others at generating happiness.
Pay inequality: the gender pay gap in an anonymous online labor market
The U.S. is witnessing a dramatic rise in nontraditional 'gig economy' labor markets where workers are hired for single projects often on a short-term basis. ...
Faking emotions at work does more harm than good
The study surveyed working adults in a wide variety of industries including education, manufacturing, engineering, and financial services.
How retailers can make more money in online auctions
The study focuses on online auction platforms used by retailers to sell their unsold or returned inventory to discount stores and wholesale liquidators.
Is it affordable to have a baby?
One of the most expensive parts of having a baby may involve the birth itself.
Luxury consumption can fuel 'impostor syndrome' among some buyers
While luxury consumption holds the promise of elevated status, it can backfire and make consumers feel inauthentic, which produces the syndrome.
7 tips to save your money in 2020
Make this one of your New Year resolutions. It is simpler than you may think.
Women's green jobs: an opportunity for the future
Women seek to increase efficiency in energy consumption, reduce waste and pollution and protect ecosystems, with a process of adaptation towards green jobs.
Wangari Muta Maathai: The Tree Woman, Peace Nobel Prize.
Being born a woman in colonial Kenya did not seem like the best option, but, fortunately, Wangari not only changed her life but that of thousands of African wom...
France, the First Country With a Green Roof Law
The Parliament of France decreed a new law directly involving the construction system and environmental sustainability.
WHO Denounces Tobacco Industry for Greenwashing
The international body responsible for public health recently warned of the ecological impact of the tobacco industry around the globe.
Sweden's Wooden Skyscraper To Confront Climate Change
A Swedish city recently finished a wooden skyscraper that can capture 9 million kilograms of carbon dioxide.
Shell and GeoPark Run by Women Leading Them Toward Sustainability
Shell and GeoPark, both companies from the oil and gas sector, are making a bet on sustainability and a transition towards clean energy through their leadership...
The Role of Lebanese Women Related to Climate Change
Several Lebanese women demonstrate that a simple intention can achieve great things, such as improving living conditions through environmental care.
3 Women Preservationists and Forests Lovers
Several studies by experts consider forests to be home to different animal and plant ecosystems. Even the 12 million indigenous people who live in these areas a...
Customers Are Becoming More Sustainable
The global trend seems to be heading towards consuming environmentally friendly products, and companies have understood this.
3 Women Promoting Urban Innovations
Meet in The Woman Post, the women who drive a series of urban innovations in an environmentally friendly and sustainable way.
How Does Water Shortage Affect Women in Africa?
Water is life; we can live without many things, but without water, we would die within days.
5 Women Fighting for Gender Equality for a Sustainable Tomorrow
The Woman Post invites you to meet five extraordinary women who fight for gender equality, equity, and diversity, emphasizing different areas.
Breaking News: Venezuela Announces Reestablishment of Military Relations with Colombia
Bilateral Relations Between Venezuela and Colombia were Broken since 2019
Colombia: What is the Pistol Plan and Why Does it Remind Us of the Worst Times of Pablo Escobar?
The drug trafficker dead in 1993 has been much mentioned in recent days in that country, due to the onslaught that paramilitary groups began against the Public ...
Colombia opens a Congress like none in its history
The new Colombian congress was installed yesterday, July 20, independence day, with a large center-left majority.
Women Building a Country: Vice Presidential Candidates in Colombia
It is the second time in the history of Colombia that two women are vying for the Vice Presidency of the Republic in the current election period.
The Projects That Could Be A Reality With The New Congress In Colombia
The new Colombian Congress could approve issues that were not previously considered thanks to the strength of some groups such as progressives in parliament.
What Happened With the Women in the Colombian Elections?
Despite advances in the participation of more women in politics, the country has a long way to go to achieve gender parity. Learn about women in the Colombian e...
Gallery: The New Faces Of The Colombian Congress
The legislative elections of March 13 in Colombia left new faces in Congress
Infographic: Results of Elections to Congress in Colombia
After an election day, this is how the Senate, the House of Representatives and the Coalition Consultations were formed. These are the results of the elections ...
Events that will be news in 2022 in Latin America
The arrival of Gabriel Boric to power in Chile only serves as the eve of a tight electoral calendar that is coming up for next year. These are the events that w...
Why Is Nicolás Maduro Afraid That Alex Saab Will Testify In the USA?
Colombian-Venezuelan businessman Alex Saab is already in the United States. and faces money laundering and conspiracy charges
Interview With Paloma Valencia: "I Have A Woman's Agenda, But It's A Different Agenda Than Feminism"
Paloma Valencia, senator and presidential candidate of the Democratic Center party, recognizes sexism in politics and hopes to see a woman soon in the Casa de N...
Meaning of the Symbols Used During the Ceremony of the New President in Colombia
Diana Medina Casas, Director of Monitoring and Strategy, and a political analyst have kindly sent us her perspective in this article for The Woman Post.
Laila Haidari: The Woman Who Breaks Taboos
Laila Haidari is a woman activist, whose purpose is to raise awareness of human rights in all spheres of society
Mayra Flores, First Mexican-Born Member of US Congress
Mayra Nohemi Flores, who previously worked in the Hidalgo County Republican Party as a chair of Hispanic outreach, is now representing a congressional district ...
Sustainable Gastronomy Is Being Led by Women
These women seek to harmonize with the environment sustainably in the kitchen and responsibly take advantage of life's resources.
Implications for Colombian Women Under President-Elect Gustavo Petro
Colombia will have its first leftist government in the century; Gustavo Petro and Francia Márquez won the presidential election with 50,4% of the vote. C...
Natalia Rendón: Another Victim of the Sexist Institution?
A renowned lender of political campaigns in Colombia was prosecuted after being accused of the crime of domestic violence against his sentimental partner, Natal...
Funleo, Directed by the Best Female Chef in the World, Leonor Espinosa
The World's Best Female Chef is a Colombian. Reading her story makes people realize how extraordinary her rise to the top of it was.
Camille Vasquez, Latina Who Has Gained the Trust of Johnny Depp's Followers
Camille Vasquez, daughter of Colombian parents, has recently stolen the attention of millions of the actor's followers due to her clever strategy in represe...
Let's Talk About Positive Parenting
The upbringing of our children is the most important thing for us parents to guide them in their growth, which is why positive parenting is a model that The Wom...
Success and Failure, Necessary Topics of Conversation With Children
Parents can help their kids maintain motivation and ultimately become successful by teaching them how to handle failure.
Worldwide Women Experts in Tea Preparation
Meet at The Woman Post women experts in the art of brewing tea.
Are We Victims of Misleading Advertising?
Today, more than ever, our purchases are influenced by images published on web portals, advertising banners, and digital applications. But one wonders how real ...